Natural Language Processing (NLP)

The field of AI that deals with text processing is Natural Language Processing (NLP). Natural Language Processing is a subfield of artificial intelligence and linguistics that focuses on the interaction between computers and human language. Its primary goal is to enable computers to understand, interpret, generate, and manipulate human language in a way that is both meaningful and useful.

Text processing within NLP involves various tasks, such as:

  1. Text Classification: Assigning a label or category to a piece of text, such as sentiment analysis (positive/negative) of reviews, topic categorization, spam detection, etc.

  2. Named Entity Recognition (NER): Identifying and classifying entities mentioned in the text, such as names of people, organizations, locations, dates, etc.

  3. Sentiment Analysis: Determining the sentiment or emotion expressed in a piece of text, such as whether a review is positive, negative, or neutral.

  4. Text Summarization: Condensing a large piece of text into a shorter summary while retaining the main points.

  5. Language Translation: Translating text from one language to another.

  6. Text Generation: Creating coherent and contextually relevant text, such as chatbots, language models, and automated content generation.

  7. Part-of-Speech Tagging: Assigning grammatical tags to each word in a sentence, such as verb, noun, adjective, etc.

  8. Dependency Parsing: Analyzing the grammatical structure of a sentence and determining the relationships between words.

  9. Question Answering: Generating answers to questions posed in natural language.

These are just a few examples of the many text processing tasks that fall under the umbrella of Natural Language Processing. NLP plays a crucial role in enabling machines to understand and work with human language, which has applications in various industries like customer service, healthcare, education, and more.






Since 11 April 2023: 481 total views,  7 views today